This question is going to be a bit of religious nature, but it does contain something gramatical.

Suppose that you believe in the trindade (or the Holy Trinity in English), and that the end of the world, as prophecied in the Revelation, is just coming right now.

So you would be see zillions of angels flying in the sky going up and down all over the world, and o próprio Deus, o próprio Jesus, and o espírito santo would come back to this world once again in some ways (I can't be specific on how they are coming because the notion of trindade is just too mysterious to be describable with my poor knowledges).

Now, the question is, would you say

o próprio Deus, o próprio Jesus, e o espirito santo estão aqui ?

I am asking this question because I heard a guy who I guess is a Catholic or Protestant might have sung a song where he says estão in this kind of situation.

But estão is the third person plural form of estar, and this sounds inconsistent with trindade.

By the way, the song I heard is Anjos de Deus sung by Elizeu Gomes.

Any effort for clarifying on this matter would be really appreciated.

  • 1
    Aqui, as perguntas sāo normalmente em Português. Commented Aug 18, 2019 at 8:37
  • When you refer to, and even enumerate the persons of the trinity, you're referring to the (more than one) parts, so -- from the purely grammatical standpoint -- you clearly should use the plural.
    – stafusa
    Commented Aug 18, 2019 at 10:37
  • 4
    @PedroLobito Na verdade tanto perguntas em português quanto em inglês são aceitas.
    – stafusa
    Commented Aug 18, 2019 at 10:37
  • 4
    It is as @stafusa says: questions in English are perfectly acceptable here.
    – ANeves
    Commented Aug 20, 2019 at 8:07
  • 1
    "A Santíssima Trindade" is a unity and, therefore, singular. O Pai, o Filho e o Espírito Santo are parts and, therefore, plural.
    – Centaurus
    Commented Aug 21, 2019 at 2:19

1 Answer 1


Isto depende de quem você está falando, exemplos:

  • A santíssima trindade está presente
  • Jesus, Maria e José estão presentes
  • Nós estamos aqui
  • Eles estão em algum lugar

Uma maneira fácil é analisar qual o pronome poderia ser usado para substituição e concordar com o pronome.

This depends on who or what you are talking about; examples:

  • A santíssima trindade está presente (she/it is present)
  • Jesus, Maria e José estão presentes (they are present)
  • Nós estamos aqui (we are here)
  • Eles estão em algum lugar (they are somewhere)

A simple way is to analyze which pronoun ([eu,] tu, ele/ela, nós, vós, eles/elas) could be used as a replacement for the noun, and then ensure that the verb agrees with the pronoun - third person singular, or first plural, or third plural, or...

  • muito obrigado por seu suporte! mas junto em inglês, por favor. tenho que procuro tanto com dicionário.
    – NJS
    Commented Aug 19, 2019 at 21:49

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.