Just like in English, Portuguese nouns don't inflect according to grammatical case. However, in English, traces of a case system (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative) are found in question words like whose (gen.) or whom (dat.) or in personal pronouns like I (nom.) or my (gen.) etc.

In Portuguese, there's eu, me and mim. Are there question words for whose or whom (which don't use de, para, etc.)?

Where can I see other remnants of a case system in Portuguese?

  • 2
    There is also cujo / cuja / cujos / cujas (whose), which are remnants of Latin genitive.
    – bfavaretto
    Jul 17, 2015 at 5:26

1 Answer 1


As @bfavaretto mentioned, we also have cujo and its derivatives but also quem which translates as whom. Here's a Wikipedia article about this (Only available in Portuguese).

  • 4
    Downvoters, we're always interested in knowing why you consider an answer as bad or wrong.
    – ANeves
    Aug 31, 2015 at 10:36
  • 1
    I haven't downvoted your answer but I haven't upvoted it either. It's more a comment with links than an answer. In addition, you say that "quem" translates as "whom" and it seems to me you're wrong. e.g. "Quem roubou o meu isqueiro?", "Eu não sei quem disse isso." "Eu não tenho quem me ajude" ( "Who stole my lighter?"., "I don't know who said that.", "I have no one to help me". I suggest that you improve your answer.
    – Centaurus
    Sep 11, 2016 at 1:28
  • @Centaurus Not wrong, but you're right that it's not as common. "This person, whom I like, is my friend."/"Esta pessoa, de quem eu eu gosto, é minha amiga.". So, I guess it's more de quem, which can translate to at least whose and whom. Unfortunately, I don't know what else I can improve my answer with. Any suggestions? Sep 11, 2016 at 9:56
  • Someone, It's all about "defining" and "non-defining" clauses. Don't try to generalize and say that "de quem" translates as "whom". "De quem" may translate as "whose", "who", "whom", "whoever", etc (see the differences between the sentences "de quem eu gosto, nem às paredes confesso", "de quem é esse livro?", "seja de quem tiver sido a ideia, ela não vai funcionar" etc .
    – Centaurus
    Sep 11, 2016 at 14:01

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